Assalamualaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh
In the moment the times of Subh Sadiq in London have become a difficult issue. Before there were two Eids in one house; now we are observing two different suhoor times in one house. One person is performing his Fajr Salah whilst the other brother is eating his suhoor. (pre-fast meal).
The reality is that from the 22nd May till the 21st of July there is no night. ( night in Shariah terms). Meaning that the sun does not go 18 degrees below the horizon. We got away with Tahajjud, as it was optional. But fast are obligatory and caution is most necessary. At the moment we have two timetables:
- One is the Aqrab ul Ayyam (nearest day), meaning, the last time Subh Sadiq occurred which was on the 22nd May, is continued for two months. The time was 1:17 AM.
- The second timetable is the one in which for the sake of ease 3:15AM has been fixed. (The Hizb ul Ulama timetable subh sadiq time)
There are many people that say that lets keep subh sadiq according to the one seventh method. That would be about one hour three minutes before sunrise. The problem here is that it becomes too bright. If on the above mentioned issue Mufti Taqi Uthmani has issued a fatwa in the past can you please send it to me, or can you issue a new fatwa which we could implement with ease and our fast would not be ruined or spoilt. This year has passed, atleast in the following year we could act upon it in unison.
As-salāmu ‘alaykum wa-rahmatullāhi wa-barakātuh
London is located at a position where it experiences abnormal conditions. In summer time there are days in which the sun does not go 18 degrees below the horizon. If Ramadhan occurs in these days then the ending of Suhoor time will be calculated, and there are three methods for this calculation as mentioned below:
- Aqrabul Ayyam (nearest day): Meaning the last day Subh Sadiq occured when the sun went 18 degrees below the horizon, use that time for all the days that the Subh Sadiq does not occur. As mentioned (in the timetable submitted) 1:17 AM.
- Aqrabul Bilaad ( nearest city): Use the Subh Sadiq times of that place nearest to you, where conditions are normal. Whatever time the sun went 18 degrees below the horizon at that place, use that time at those locations where conditions are abnormal. The countries that are located on 48.5 degrees latitude are those countries where the conditions are normal. The times of Subh Sadiq and Isha of these countries can be made a standard for countries which experience abnormal conditions. The time of Subh Sadiq which is when the sun goes 18 degrees below the horizon in the countries located on 48.5 degrees latitude is 2:36 AM. The Suhoor could be ended on this time in London.
- Nisf ul Lail (half of night): In this method the whole night (meaning the time between sunset and sunrise) will be divided into two parts. The first part is for Maghrib and Isha ( further divide this part into two, one part for Maghrib whilst the other part is for Isha) and the second part is for Fajr. Hence as soon as the second part starts the time of suhoor will end.
Practically Aqrabul Ayyam (nearest day) and Nisf ul Lail (half of night) will work out near enough the same.
There will be no major difference.
One may act upon any three of these methods.
Apart from this, those that give an opinion of the one seventh method, this method is not for countries located at a position where they experience abnormal conditions. This method was devised by Hadhrat Thanvi RA for some locations in India. Which always experiences normal conditions. This method is correct there. Not at places which experience abnormal conditions, so do not act upon this method.
Attached with the question is a timetable of Balham Masjid ( based on 18 degrees) this is in accordance with Aqrabul Ayyam (nearest day). The other times on this table are also correct. whereas the timetable published by ‘AL MUNTADA AL ISLAMI TRUST’ (Subh Sadiq times supplied by HIZB UL ULAMA UK) is NOT CORRECT. The times of Subh Sadiq is NOT CORRECT in it. Neither is the time of sunrise correct. Hence DO NOT ACT UPON THIS TIMETABLE.
And Allah knows best
(Mufti) Sayed Hussain Ahmad
Darul Ifta, Jamia Darul Uloom Karachi
24th of Muharram 1434 hijri
9th December 2012
The answer is correct
(Mufti) Mahmood Ashraf