Prayer Times for the UK — Based on 18 degrees
On this website, you will find articles relating to prayer times in the UK.
2021 Timetables are available here
2020 Timetables are available here
If your timetable is not available yet, please contact us via the following page
Farid Patel (Maulana) PGCE
A graduate of Madrasah Arabia Islamia, Azaadville, RSA
A member of Wifaqul Ulama
The methodology followed on this website is below. These are not necessarily the views of Wifaqul Ulama.
Fajr (Updated 21st October 2019)
18 degrees is used as long as it occurs. When 18 degrees does not occur, half night calculations are provided. Although many scholars have also approved the nearest day method, my personal opinion and the safest approach is of half-night (an article explaining my reasons can be found here). This is also the time when fasting should be started and the term is called “Imsak” in Arabic.
18 degrees is used for most of the year. One-seventh method is used when the 18 degrees times are considered “difficult” (haraj). The crossover point is when the 18 degrees times coincide with the one-seventh times. This normally occurs for most locations in the UK in March and October. Therefore, 18 degrees times are switched to one-seventh calculations in March and switched back to 18 degrees in October. Due to the late timings of Isha in the summer months, there are different opnions about what time Isha should be performed, some opinions are more justified than others. The methodology of one-seventh as used on the timetables on this website are the views of Maulana Yaqub Qasmi — who is an expert in the field of Salah Times.
There are different views with regards to when Isha should be performed. 18 degrees denotes the fading of the whiteness in the horizon. Although this is the preferred opinion in the Hanafi Madhab, it is perfectly acceptable to perform Isha after the time the redness fades in the horizon. The fading of the redness in the horizon is not as clearly defined as the whiteness is. Some have defined it at 15 degrees, others have stated that it occurs between 12.5 – 16.5 degrees.
There are also valid opinions in the Maliki, Hambali and Shafi’ee Madhahab of combining Maghrib and Isha due to valid reasons.
However, despite the above, this method is currently under review.
Sunrise and Sunset times
The accuracy of sunrise and sunset times are affected by a number of factors including refraction and pollution. This can affect timings by up to 7 minutes depending on the time of year. I have added 5 minutes on to sunset times to allow for this difference. HMNAO (Her Majesty’s Almanac) already add 2 minutes to their times. This will mean that 7 minutes have been added in total to raw sunset data. A detailed explanation is available on the Wifaqul Ulama website.